2018 GCGC

1-2 June 2018

Monitoring the Monitor: Distracted Institutional Investors and Board Governance


Ronald Masulis

Scientia Professor in Finance,¬†University of New South Wales  


Michelle Edkins

Managing Director / BlackRock Investment Stewardship Team


Boards are crucial to shareholder wealth. Yet, little is known about how shareholder oversight affects director incentives. Using exogenous industry shocks to institutional investor portfolios, we find that institutional investor distraction weakens board oversight. Distracted institutions are less likely to vote against ineffective directors, while directors with poor proxy voting outcomes depart less frequently. Consequently, independent directors face weaker monitoring incentives and exhibit poor performance. Also, ineffective independent directors are more frequently appointed. Such firms exhibit more earnings management, high unexplained CEO pay, and lower valuation. Our findings suggest that institutional investor monitoring creates important director incentives to monitor.

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